Reacting Flows

Droplet-laden laminar flames

The stretched laminar flame is a paradigm in understanding combustion. But what about cases in which the flame contains droplets? We have started a series of experiments to determine how the presence rate of droplets affects the local flame burning rate and structure.

Below are preliminary studies of acetone-methane laminar impinging flames flames with different size droplets at the same equivalence ratio. The flames show markedly different appearance as the droplets increase in size.

The work has been reported at the Combustion Symposium (see below), and continues in collaboration with INSA-Rouen.

Natural luminosity of flames with different droplet sizes

Reference flame velocities measured with PIV, as a function of strain rate, equivalence ratio and droplet sizes.

L. Fan, et al., “The effect of fine droplets on laminar propagation speed of a strained acetone-methane flame: Experiment and simulations”, Comb. Flame, (2022) 229:111377

D. McGrath, L. Fan, S. Gkantonas, and S. Hochgreb, “The effect of fuel droplets on the burning velocity of strained laminar acetone/air flames”, Proc. Comb. Inst., (2023) 29:2503